In the last week of 2019 while the world was ready to welcome 2020 many local hospitals in Wuhan in china reported and usually a number of cases who had severe number of cases pneumonia without the clear cut. And they are not responding to any form of existing vaccine or medicines.
Soon after the seafood market in the Wuhan region was linked to all these cases. It was a wholesale seafood market with about a thousand stalls selling chickens, snakes, dogs, monkey, fish, and many other wild animals. These cases showed human transmission rates to be very high, which increased as they progressed.
An initial hypothesis was formulated that this was a new type of coronavirus that logged in the animals being sold in the seafood market of Wuhan. This resulted in a feeling that it could be similar to the sars epidemic of 2002 which infected eight thousand people and killed 774 but they were all wrong Because it was going to be very bad.
By early January 2020 about 59 suspected cases but picked up from all local hospitals in Brookline and isolated in the genie in down hospital of Wuhan. Out of these 59 suspected cases, 41 were confirmed with the 2019 No Way coronavirus infection. Their isolation was too late and before they were isolated these cases had infected hundreds of others that eventually infected thousands and thus starting the two thousand nineteen no will coronavirus epidemic.
What began as a localized epidemic in central China spread rapidly to all Chinese provinces in a short week, the spread was begun from Chinese New Year and thousands of tourists out of the house. The situation became very dense when cases in other countries were also reported which were transmitted by international travellers. The first cases were reported from Vietnam and soon after several new cases were reported from Germany, Thailand, Japan, Australia, United States, Russia, and a dozen of new countries leading to a global panic situation. The epidemic costed its cost at 1st death on 9th January 2020, but the death toll had just begun. More than 95000 confirmed cases of which 80000 are serious more than 65 countries have been affected with major outbreaks in central China, South Korea, Italy, and Iran.
More than 3300 people have died due to this epidemic. You can gauge the seriousness of the situation by looking at these facts.
The W. H. O. declared epidemic as a global health emergency by 30 January 2020.
Delta Airlines, United Airlines, and American Airlines all have completely suspended their flights to China by several other airline companies have reduced the number of daily flights. The U.S. government has temporarily banned entry into the United States for all foreign national who had visited China in the last 14 days. China has based its numerous cities in government lockdown. That, in fact, has quarantine millions of people. The Chinese stock market is constantly crashing and the global economic slowdown is already continuing. See the word Coronavirus is derived from the Latin word corona meaning crown or yellow. Which refers to the characteristic appearance of this virus, the virus consists of a quarter of genetic material surrounded with an envelope off protein spikes. This gives it an appearance of a crown and crown in Latin means corona and the name coronavirus.
Coronavirus is a group of viruses that origin disease in mammals and birds. New coronaviruses have been detected every few years the first ones being discovered in the nineteen sixties which caused mild respiratory in chickens. Since then a number of different coronaviruses have been discovered mostly affecting boats, birds and other small wall blooded animals. These viruses often get mutated in the animals they circulate and due to the close contact of humans with these animals, these viruses can jump from the animal to human to start a new disease.
New viruses are detected all the time. it’s known that coronavirus circulated a variety of animals. Sometimes these viruses can transform from animals to humans. This is known as spillover and can be due to a number of reasons like mutations in the virus itself what increased close contact between humans and animals as we discussed, for example, nurse coronavirus is known to be transmitted from camels to humans and sars coronavirus from civet cats the animal reservoir of 2019 novel coronavirus is not clear yet. Many of the early coronavirus cases for link to the South China Seafood wholesale market in Wuhan but the earliest documented case which has been traced back to 1st December had no link to the market surprisingly.
How this virus spreads from person to person is not yet fully understood.
But we know that the most common way it has been spreading east through droplet infection.
It is when a person who is infected coughs or sneezes and release his viral particles that remain suspended in the air and I picked up by another person it is also transmitted to things that are infected person has been closely in contact with like use towels, clothes, switches, keys and door handles. Those who are the highest risk of people who are in close contact with animals like animal market workers and those who are taking care of infected like family members doctors or nurses.
The W. H. O. has quine the term 2019 novel coronavirus acute respiratory disease to describe the disease caused by this virus indicating that most of the symptoms of the disease are related to the respiratory system. Now from what we know is that there can be a number of symptoms ranging from mild to severe the mild cases can present with fever, cough, shortness of Breathing and severe people may develop pneumonia, kidney failure and death.
The most widely used test to detect the coronavirus infection is the PCR or the polymeric chain reaction. This test detects the minute quantities of genetic material of the virus and amplifies it.
There is currently no vaccine to prevent the two thousand nineteen novel coronavirus infections. The best thing to stop infection is to avoid exposure to this virus. Which includes steps like washing your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, covering your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing using an alcohol-based sanitizer that contains 60% of alcohol or more and a white touching your eyes nose and mouth with unwashed hands, stay home when you’re sick and avoid close contact with people who are sick clean and sanitize frequently touched objects and surfaces.
The work to develop a vaccine for coronavirus is already underway scientists believe that research of most vaccine which was also coronavirus will make this job easier and hospitals are testing antiviral drugs to observe if they have any impact.
While the ratio of deaths to known cases appears low the figures are unreliable far too simplistic to divide the number of deaths by the number of cases to calculate the death rate to get a figure of around two per cent at this stage of the outbreak but it depends upon a range of factors like your age, sex, gender, health, and health system you adding thousands of patients are still being treated and we do not know if any of those cases will die the death rate could be higher.
This is due to the size and density of the population and close contact with the viruses that disturb the animals.
Many of persons who contract coronavirus will experience only mild symptoms. These include coughing, fever, and respiratory problems most people are expected to make a full recovery but can pose a particular risk for elderly people and those with pre-existing problems like diabetes or cancer.
I hope you have found some useful information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. Thanks for reading.